Unit Plan Title: Plants
Essential Question: What are plants?
Additional Questions: What are seeds made up of? How does a seed become a plant? What are the parts of a plant? What do plants need to grow? How does a plant change through its life cycle? What does heredity mean? Why do people need plants?
Unit Summary: Students learn about plants as living things through reading, drawing, and classroom instruction. Students will trace the life cycle of their own plants in the classroom.
Subject Area(s): Science, Language Arts
Grade Level: K-2
Targeted State Frameworks/Content Standards/Benchmarks:
Life Science (Biology) PreK-2
Standard 1: Recognize that animals (including humans) and plants are living
things that grow, reproduce, and need food, air, and water.
Standard 3: Recognize that plants and animals have life cycles, and that life
cycles vary for different living things.
Standard 4: Describe ways in which many plants and animals closely
resemble their parents in observed appearance.
Standard 7: Recognize changes in appearance that animals and plants go
through as the seasons change.
Standard 8: Identify the ways in which an organism’s habitat provides for its
basic needs (plants require air, water, nutrients, and light; animals require
food, water, air, and shelter).
Student Objectives/Learning Outcomes:
Identify the pats of a seed.
Define the terms “germination,” “first leaves,” “true leaves,” and
Identify the parts of a plant.
Describe how a plant grows.
Explain basic plant needs.
Discuss the importance of plants to people.
Procedures: (see calendar on next page)
Week 1: Seeds
"What I already know about plants" (pre-assessment)
What is a seed? Create seed diagram classroom display
Look inside a seed: Lima bean experiment
Parts of a seed worksheet
Students will see the parts of a seed first-hand
Different seeds, different plants
Students dissect fruits and chart the number of seeds
Introduce plant journals
Put lima beans in water to soak over night
Chart student predictions and findings using a double-bar graph
Week 2: Parts of a Plant
"What Makes a Garden Grow, Grow, Grow"
What are the different parts of a plant?
What do roots do?
How does water travel through a plant?
Class discussion of what a plant needs to grow
Collage your favorite plant and label the stem, roots, leaves, and flower
Observe roots (dig up a weed and let students notice what the roots look like, dirt, etc)
Students should make a long journal entry on future observation days, allowing for details
The stem is like a straw activity
Plant our seeds
Paper towel and cup of water activity
Carnation & food coloring experiment
Assign plant monitor jobs
Week 3: Plant Life Cycle
Photosynthesis: The importance of leaves
students will compare a large group of freshly planted seeds that have sprouted
2 plants, remove the leaves from one plant, place both in the sun
cannot really tell the difference because these are "first leaves"
Make a prediction about what will happen to the plant without leaves
Week 4: Plants in Every Day Life
Why are plants so important to people?
Plants are food!
Final assessment and reflection
Discuss oxygen and carbon dioxide in photosynthesis
Plant eating party and group discussion
Students have a pre-assessment asking for prior knowledge of plants
Plant journals will function as formative assessment throughout the unit
Final assessment test and reflection will be the summative assessment (all attached)